Electronic Piano

In this project, we will learn how to use an Active Buzzer and a 4Duino to create an Electronic Piano. An active buzzer is an electric piezo device which is commonly used to produce sound. When subjected to an alternating electric field, a piezo ceramic material disc inside the buzzer is caused to stretch or compress, in accordance with the frequency of the signal thereby producing sound. Buzzers are widely ...

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Cheapest PCB (circuit board) prototyping

What is a PCB? In common we can define PCB as the flat sheet of material that supports mechanically and electrically connects electronic components using conductive tracks, pads, and other features that are etched from a series of copper sheets that have been laminated onto a non-conductive substrate. This substrate varies from a cellulose-based material, fiberglass, or even flexible thermoplastics. Compone ...

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HTML5 Circuit Simulator

This electronic circuit simulator is highly interactive giving the feeling of playing with real components. It's very helpful for experimentation and visualization. Best of all, thanks to the power of HTML5, no plug-ins are required! The original implementation, in Java, belongs to Paul Falstad who kindly gave his permission for me to build this port. How to use this When the simulator starts up you will se ...

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Arduino Based Digital Clock with Alarm

This Arduino based Real time clock is a digital clock to display real time using a RTC IC DS1307 which works on I2C protocol. Real time clock means it runs even after power failure. When power is reconnected, it displays the real time irespective to the time and duration it was in off state. In this project we have used a 16x2 LCD module to display the time in - (hour, minute, seconds, date, month and year) ...

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Building a simple Circuit Probe

The Goals Sometimes you need to check one circuit and test some of its nodes. Usually a tester in voltage mode is a good solution, but it has a pair of problems. First, it measures about zero both when the node is driven at zero volts and when the node is floating (not driven at all). Second, it gives the information on the tester display, so you need to take the view from the circuit to the tester to check ...

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The incredible story behind the Gerber PCB file format

I've been in the electronics and computing industries ever since I graduated with my BSc from Sheffield Hallam University in the UK back in 1980. Since that time, I've designed all sorts of weird and wonderful things (some of which even worked), including my fair share of printed circuit boards (PCBs). I've also been associated with the Electronic Design Automation (EDA) industry since long before the name ...

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Arduino Network Analyzer

Description The network analyzer shield uses an Analog Devices AD9851 DDS chip clocked at 180MHz which will output a sine wave at any frequency from 0Hz and 72MHz. The DDS output is filtered with a Butterworth LPF and then passed to a two transistor amplifier. The shield will output approximately 0dBm (maybe 1-2dBm if you turn the Pot up; may get distortion, though) into 50 Ohms. The output and input connec ...

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How to build your own 8×8 led matrix

Learn how to make an LED matrix controlled by an Arduino. Scroll down further for step by step photos and more details. You’ll need the following parts: a prototyping board, (2) 8 pin headers, (8) 200 ohm resistors and (64) red LED bulbs. Arrange the LEDs in the board according to the design you’ve chosen: either common row anode or common row cathode. Solder the LEDs to the board, being careful to not to c ...

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Arduino Relay Control Tutorial

LED Blinking is a very common and almost first program for every embedded learner or beginner. In which we blink an LED with having some delay. So today we are here with the same project but here we will use an AC bulb instead of normal LED and will blink an AC bulb. Whenever we need to connect any AC Appliance in our embedded circuits, we use a Relay. So in this arduino relay control tutorial we will simpl ...

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Measure Sound/Noise Level in dB with Microphone and Arduino

Noise pollution has really started to gain importance due to high population density. A normal human ear could hear sound levels from 0dB to 140dB in which sound levels from 120dB to 140dB are considered to be noise. Loudness or sound levels are commonly measured in decibel(dB), we have some instruments which could measure the sound signals in dB but these meters are slightly expensive and sadly we do not h ...

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Arduino Calculator using 4×4 Keypad

Programming is always fun and Arduino is a wonderful platform if you are just getting started with Embedded programming. In this tutorial we will build our own calculator with Arduino. The values can be sent in through a keypad (4×4 keypad) and result can be viewed on a LCD screen (16×2 Dot-matrix). This calculator could perform simple operations like Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division with ...

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Password Based Circuit Breaker

Summary Electrical accidents are rapidly increasing especially electric line repairs incident due to the lack of communication and coordination between the maintenance personnel and the electric substation staff. The password based circuit breaker device could just be the solution as only the lineman could reliably control the circuit breaker to avoid miscommunication. The system requires a password to turn ...

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