Using Servos with Arduino made easy !

Servomotors or simply servos are essential components of a robot which convert electrical energy into mechanical energy.They are widely used in the field of RC hobby and robotics. But unlike simple geared motors , these servos are made by integrating a geared motor with a position feedback circuit which allows us to control the rotation of the shaft precisely. To drive a servo , we need a controller which provides PWM signals to the servo which in turn determines the angle of rotation. Using an arduino to do this is pretty easy job, all you need is :

1. A servo ( To make your own servo , check this out : make your own servo ! )

2. Arduino ( and the default “knob.ino” sketch )

3. A bunch of jumper wires ( male to male )

4. A 10k potentiometer

5. A USB cable

Using Servos with Arduino made easy

Step 1: Prepare the potentiometer

The potentiometer has three pins one is for the wiper and the other two have 10k resistance between them. The wiper should be connected to the analog 0 pin on the arduino , one of the remaining two pins should be connected to +5v and the other should be grounded. The potentiometer has been soldered on a protoboard to make it “arduino friendly” ( you can use a breadboard too ).

Based on how you rotate the the wiper arm , the analog values on the analog 0 pin will change and therefore the angle of rotation of the servo will also change.

Step 2: Upload the program and attach the servo

Using Servos with Arduino made easy circuit

I’ve made some minor changes in the program :

pin 15 ( analog 1 ) and pin 16 ( analog 2 ) are used as power source for the potentiometer board.

The arduino reads values from potentiometer between 0 and 1023

val = analogRead(potpin); “

Then it converts or “maps” the values from 0-1023 to 0-179 ( in degrees )

val = map(val , 0 , 1023 , 0 , 179 ); “

Finally , it writes these values to the servo.


1. Connect the potentiometer to the arduino ( as mentioned above )

2. Attach the yellow/orange signal pin of servo to pin 9 on arduino.

3. Connect the red wire to VIN pin* and the brown one to ground.

4. Take power from USB.

5. Upload the attached sketch to arduino.

***IF you are using external power source ( other than USB ) then first convert the voltage to 5v.

>> some important tips


For more detail: Using Servos with Arduino made easy !

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

Follow Us:

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top