The only downside is that you loose the ability to upload your sketches over USB while using the custom firmware. Therefore an ISP programmer is helpful!
This is just a short Instructable describing how to set up your Arduino as an HID/Midi device with the help of an ISP programmer.
More informations are avaliable under: http://code.google.com/p/hiduino/w/list
Step 1: Gather your materials
– A compatible Arduino board. I’m using the Arduino Uno here.
– An AVR-ISP programmer. The AVRISP mkII works great and is used here.
– Software to use your ISP programmer; up and running. I’m using the AVR crosspack with avrdude on my MacBook Pro.
– The HIDUINO software from here http://code.google.com/p/hiduino/downloads/list
To get ready for the next steps you have to unpack the HIDUINO archive.
In the unpacked file move to the folder “Arduino Libraries”. Inside you will find another folder called “HIDUINO_MIDI_Lib”.
Move this folder into your Arduino – Libraries folder.
The final result should look like this /Users/phil/Documents/Arduino/Libraries/HIDUINO_MIDI_Lib
We haven’t moddified the original USB firmware yet, so it’s still intact and you can use it to flash an example sketch to your Arduino.
Try the first sample from the HIDUINO archive. It’s located under “Arduino Example Sketches” and really easy to understand.
You don’t have to do this yet, but it allows you to test your device immediately after reflashing the USB firmware.
Step 2: Programming the new USB firmware
Okay, the first thing we want to do is to reflash the Uno’s 8u2 chip.
Therefore we need to do the following:
– Connect your ISP to your Arduino. (Be sure to connect it in the right way! The pinheader should be marked with a little white dot! It marks pin number one! On the ISP cable it’s marked with a little arrow.)
– We want to flash the following file: HIDUINO/CompiledFirmwares/HIDUINO_MIDI_Uno.hex
– I’m using avrdude in a terminal window on my Mac. I used the following command for an Arduino Uno and an AVRISP mkII:
avrdude -p at90usb82 -F -P usb -c avrispmkii -U flash:w:HIDUINO_MIDI_Uno.hex -U lfuse:w:0xFF:m -U hfuse:w:0xD9:m -U efuse:w:0xF4:m -U lock:w:0x0F:m
– after 6-10 seconds the new firmware should be flashed successfully! Your device should show up in your system profiler now! If not just unplug it and replug it back again 🙂 Then you can move on to the next step! 🙂
– In case you want to restore the original frimware of the 8u2 you can find it in your Arduino application folder. On a Mac its located under:
– Reflash it using avrdude an this command:
avrdude -p at90usb82 -F -P usb -c avrispmkii -U flash:w:UNO-dfu_and_usbserial_combined.hex -U lfuse:w:0xFF:m -U hfuse:w:0xD9:m -U efuse:w:0xF4:m -U lock:w:0x0F:m
There are tons of instructables and tutorials on how to flash an AVR using avrdude. This is just a short sum up of paths and commands 😉
Forr more detail: Turn your Arduino Uno into an USB-HID-Mididevice