Bluetooth 4.0 HM-10 cc2541 Duplex

In this example, I’ll show you how to use the cc2541 to communicate from one microcontroller to another in BOTH DIRECTIONS (BLE-HM-10).

https://youtu.be/6zXYH9arHMI

Introduction

The HM-10 is a Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) module for embedded systems that allows for wireless communication with BLE-capable devices (e.g. iPhone and iPad). It is fully configurable using a comprehensive and well-documented AT command set and supports transparent data communication via serial UART (default baud rate 9600bps).

The Bluetooth 4.0 HM-10 is essentially a cc2541 breakout board, with LED pins, RX/TX, and a voltage regulator that converts 5v to 3.3v.

Bluetooth 4.0 HM-10 Master Slave Module

Setup with FTDI + Arduino Serial Monitor + AT Command

There are numerous things you can do with the Bluetooth 4.0 HM-10, but you must first set it up with an FTDI cable to understand what and how it works. Always use quality components even resistors & capacitors

To connect to Bluetooth 4.0 HM-10 / BLE, you’ll need an FTDI cable and four female to male wires.

Open Arduino on your computer. Make certain that you choose the correct USB serial port. Open Serial Monitor and make sure the baud rate is set to 9600, which is the default.

Type in

AT+NAME?     (NO SPACES IN AT COMMAND)
you should get OK+NAME:HMSoft

Check your connections if it says nothing. We can now communicate with BLE using the AT command, and the rest is straightforward.

More AT Commands can be found at the bottom of this post.

Sending & Receiving (Both Ways ) Setting the Master-Slave mode

This method allows you to turn on the device and have them talk to each other right away, without pairing or initialising… it’s fantastic. The information flows both ways.

First to begin, use AT Command AT+ADDR? to query the native MAC address.

Each BLE has its own MAC address, which is as follows: 20C38FF61DA1.

Use AT+CON[param1] and AT+ROLE[param1]  to pair to another device.

Example

BLE A has Mac Address 11C11FF11DA1, I used AT+ADDR? to figure it out
BLE B has Mac Address 22C22FF22DA2, I used AT+ADDR? to figure it out

Send  AT+CON22C22FF22DA2 to BLE A
Send  AT+CON11C11FF11DA1 to BLE B
(Send the B address to A, A address to B)

Send AT+ROLE[0] to BLE A
Send AT+ROLE[1] to BLE B
(Doesn’t matter which one)

Now it’s ready to use on you ATMEGA 328P, Arduino or Attiny.
After connecting both BLE devices, the red light will remain solid. This should only take a few seconds.

Sending & Receiving Both Ways on ATMEGA 328P / Arduino

You can use the hardware serial to communicate with the ATMEGA 328P / Arduino. Software serial should allow Attiny 44 to communicate with BLE.

Data can communicate in both directions! Simply type Serial.println(whatever you want);

The ATMEGA 328Ps “analog reads” the potentiometer data and sends serial data via BLE to each other to turn their servos in the code below.

Example Board

To save space on my board, I removed the FTDI cable pads and uploaded my programme using ISP pins. This board is ULTRA compact because I want it to be part of my wearable project. You can order electronic components from it.

Because this needs to be wearable, I didn’t use any SMD male pins to save some vertical space.

Each of the microcontrollers listed below runs the same code! So, as soon as the BLE is turned on, it begins searching for the assigned address, which takes less than a second. The BLE’s solid RED LED indicator indicates that the connection has been established.

I have a flexible cable coming out of it to make it wearable and flat.

//receiving
int led = 3;           // the pin that the LED is attached to
#include 
Servo myservo;  // create servo object to control a servo

//sending
int sensorValue = 0;
int presensorValue = 0;

void setup() {
  pinMode(led, OUTPUT);
  myservo.attach(A2);  // attaches the servo on pin 9 to the servo object
  myservo.write(90);              // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'
  delay(500);
  myservo.write(80);              // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'
  Serial.begin(9600);

}

void loop() {

  //receiving
  while (Serial.available() > 0) {
    int pos = Serial.parseInt();
    if (pos > 1 && pos < 180) {
      myservo.write(pos);              // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'
      //Serial.println(pos);
      analogWrite(led, 255);
    }
    sender();
  }
  sender();

  analogWrite(led, 10);


}


void sender() {

  // Sending
  // read the input on analog pin 0:
  //sensorValue = analogRead(A1);
  sensorValue = map(analogRead(A3), 0, 1024, 5, 175);


  //with noise reduction
  if (sensorValue == presensorValue  || sensorValue - 1 == presensorValue || sensorValue + 1 == presensorValue) {
  }
  else {
    Serial.println(sensorValue);
  }
  presensorValue = sensorValue;

  delay(50);

}

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