Say stop to unwanted „visitors“
EMI mains filters Schurter combined with an input AC connector will stop interference there, where it´s the most efficient – at the input.
To be more precise, usually it´s the best to eliminate interference (EMI) already at a source of interference itself. But because there are a lot of disturbance sources in a common 230V mains, the only reliable possibility how to protect our device is to equip it with a suitable filter. Another positive thing is also a prevention of possible transfer of noise from our device into a public network (mains).
Reasons why to use a filter or other EMI suppressing components are well known. In general here belongs a protection of circuits from unwanted influence (digital and analogue circuits), as well as protection from damage to a device in an urgent case. EMI is in general a “silent killer”, as it appears with a various intensity and often absolutely irregularly.
Those ones, who´ve already experienced searching for a fault, why a given device works irregularly, can say realistically about problems, which EMI is able to cause. It´s treacherous to think, that there´s no interference in a given place, because even if we´ve really measured only a small interference, it can appear anytime without warning.
Interference in mains can be described in four categories:
● fluctuations (voltage) in an industrial network
● harmonic interference in a range of 100Hz to 2 kHz
● transient interference in a range up to 300 MHz
● sinusoidal high frequency interference up to 1GHz (or even more)
In practice, interference appears mainly in last three categories. Filters are usually constructed from capacitors and inductors, or also some other components like varistors, transils, VHF chokes etc. Wide band filters are often composed of 2-3 stages. Capacitors connected between L-N are marked as „X“ and capacitors between L-PE and N-PE as „Y“ capacitors. Leakage current of a filter is mainly determined by „Y” capacitors. As medical devices must meet more stringent requirements for a leakage current, in most cases they don´t use „Y“ capacitors (even for the price of somewhat lower EMI suppression).
For more detail: Say stop to unwanted „visitors“