Frequency counter using Arduino (upto 40KHz).
Many guys here were asking for a frequency counter and at last I got enough time to make one. This frequency counter using arduino is based on the UNO version and can count up to 40KHz. A 16×2 LCD display is used for displaying the frequency count. The circuit has minimum external components and directly counts the frequency. Any way the amplitude of the input frequency must not be greater than 5V. If you want to measure signals over than 5V, additional limiting circuits have to be added and i will show it some other time. Now just do it with 5V signals.
The frequency to be counted is connected to digital pin 12 of the arduino. pulseIn() function is used here for counting the frequency connected to pin 12. pulseIn() function counts the number of pulses (HIGH or LOW) coming to a particular pin of the arduino. The general syntax of this function is pulseIn(pin, value, time) where pin is the name of the pin, value is either HIGH or LOW and time is time for which the function to wait for a pulse. The function returns zero if there is no valid pulse with in the specified time. The pulseIn() function can count pulses with time period ranging from 10 μS to 3 minutes. Circuit diagram of the frequency counter using arduino is given below.
Potentimeter R1 is used to adjust the contrast of the LCD screen. Resistor R2 limits the current through the back light LED.
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