AC Dimmer Circuit


Simple AC Dimmer circuit for incandescent bulbs. 128 levels of brightness. Parts are relatively cheap!

How it Works


  • Digital Signals. The four signals on the left. They are labelled on the board.
    • Yellow: light dimming signal, comes from Arduino digital pin 11.
    • White: zero-cross signal, goes to Arduino digital pin 2 in.
    • Red: arduino +5V supply.
    • Black: arduino GND.
    • The LED on board should dim or fade along with the AC light source. Fading will not work until AC power is connected, it depends on the zero-cross info from the H11AA1 chip.
  • AC Signals. The four white cords on the right. The bottom two cables on the right are the AC plug. The top two are the Bulb. These are labelled on the board, but are partially covered by the large screw terminals.
    • Bottom is AC Power – Neutral.
    • Bottom Middle is AC Power – Hot.
    • Top Middle is Bulb – Hot.
    • Top is Bulb – Neutral.
    • NOTE: For help identifying Hot and Neutral on lamp cord, look here.


  • example with slow on/off fade:
  • example with potentiometer control:


 AC Dimmer Circuit schematic

Board Layout

PCB Files

  • EagleCAD –
  • Gerber –

Building the Circuit


From a PCB

If you had some of these manufactured, then you’ll want to build the PCB. See our tutorial on Populating a Fabricated PCB.

For more detail: AC Dimmer Circuit

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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