A “Joule Thief” is a simple voltage booster circuit. It can increase the voltage of power source by changing the constant low voltage signal into a series of rapid pulses at a higher voltage. You most commonly see this kind of circuit used to power LEDs with a “dead” battery. But there are many more potential applications for this kind of circuit.
In this project, I am going to show you how you can use a Joule Thief to charge batteries with low voltage power sources. Because the Joule Thief is able to boost the voltage of a signal, you are able to charge a battery with a power source whose output voltage is actually lower than the battery itself.
This lets you take advantage of low voltage power sources such as thermoelectric generators, small turbines and individual solar cells.
Step 1: Watch the Video
Here are the materials and tools that you will need to complete this project.
ferrite toroid core
NPN Transistor (2N2222, 2N3904, or similar)
0.01 microfarad Capacitor (capacitor code:103)
330 microfarad Capacitor
1 kohm resistor
6V Zener Diode
Printed Circuit Board or Perf Boarda
For more detail: Joule Thief Low Voltage Battery Charger