Arduino: Making a set of traffic lights
Arduino – Getting started guideThis document will explain in simple terms about the basic electronic components we will be using and how to use them, it also describes digital, analogue and serial inputs and outputs and how they are used.You may have read my previous tutorial on traffic lights, this will be a similar concept however will be easier to build and more feature rich, because of the simplicity of the Arduino development environment.After this project, you might like to extend it by…
+ Making the lights work for cross roads (expanding the complexity of the sequence).
+ Making the settings programmable by using the EEPROM and Serial port.
+ Making the lights communicate with another Arduino running the same code.
Step 2: Getting started
Step 3: LEDs
Before we begin ensure all LEDs are connected the right way around. The short lead goes on the right and the longer on the left.
We will be adding the resistors later so be sure not to plug in any power yet as it could damage the LEDs
The image below shows the long and short leads, and then the second image shows how they should be wired, third showing the order.
TIP! Ensure that yu have the LEDs spread across from the 5 column bit to the two column bit or else they will not work and you will have a short circuit.
Step 4: Piezo
We will be coming back to this and will need to lift it to install jumpers to the Arduino but for now just put it in place with one pin on either side of the central divide so we don’t short between the two pins.
The bread board pins are connected from left to right in two sections of 5 with a divide in the middle to separate the two sections, and the 2 outer pins are connected from top to bottom in two columns, these are on both sides but are not connected from one side of the board to the other, in other terms these can be used to provide two separate circuits independent of each other if required.
Additionally on some boards the top and bottom halves are not connected so you may have to make the jump using a wire from the top half to the bottom half if your circuit does not work.
For more detail: Arduino: Making a set of traffic lights