5×5 rgb lpd6803-led matrix arduino controlled

a 5*5 rgb led matrix, made with arduino and lpd6803 based leds from adafruit.
with an pir sensor, it goes on if it detects movements and a ir distace sensor, 1 animation shows the distance you have from the sensor :).

because its beautiful and cool 😉

my spelling:
well, sorry if i make stupid spelling mistakes, i’m dyslectic and live in Holland

Step 1: How it works

how it works:
it uses an arduino uno that controls the lpd6803 chips in the rgb leds, so i can set each led individually. the arduino reads text files from an sd card, i’ve made a program(in c#) where you can make animations and store them so the arduino can read them.

Arduino RGB LED Matrix

Step 2: Materials needed

-arduino uno (other arduino’s probbably work, but i havent tested)
-25 rgb leds with lpd6803 controllers( the led’s i used arent being saled anymore 🙁 these are an newer version, but you will need to adapt the arduino code a bit)
-network shield(for sd card)(probably other shields with sd cards wil work)
-5v dc power supply min 1A

ir distance senso r (1 animation uses it)
pir senso r  (the matrix will go on if it detects motion(saves a bit of energy))
-2 pushbuttons

-soldering iron
-wire stripper
-some wires
-wooden board

Step 3: Part with wood

this is the part im bad at, but ill discribe what ive done:
iv’e put my led’s 5cm apart (horizontally and vertically) in a shiny wooden plate from an old kitchen.
the led’s from adafruit need 11mm holes(drill them carfully).

at the bottom ive place my arduino with double-sided thape, and left of it a big hole for the pir sensor, the ir distance sensor is placed on top(now it looks like it has eyes 😉 )

then put the led’s in the holes beginning top left(frot vieuw) going from left to right down(see picture)

Step 4: The electronics

for the leds

led’s clock –> 6
led’s data –> 7
pir sensor –> A5 (if you have no pir sensor, connect it to the 5v+)
ir distance sensor –>A4 (if you don’t have a distance sensor juslt leave it open)

gnd –> Button 1 –> A0
gnd –> Button 2 –> A1

sd: (the default of the ethernet shield)
mosi –> 11
miso –> 12
clk –> 13
cs –> 4
Arduino RGB LED Matrix Circuit
ir distance senor +                       —–> all to arduino’s 5v+

ir distance sensor –
pir –                                                     —–> all to arduino’s gnd
negative from 5v power supply
led’s –
button –

led’s + —-> positive from 5v power supply

all black cables are soldered together as central gnd
all red cables(exept one) are soldered together as sensor 5v+ (from arduino)
all yellow cables are signal cables(watch it are 5 yellows so don’t mix them up!!)
you also find mine animations here, just put them on the sd card

[box color=”#985D00″ bg=”#FFF8CB” font=”verdana” fontsize=”14 ” radius=”20 ” border=”#985D12″ float=”right” head=”Major Components in Project” headbg=”#FFEB70″ headcolor=”#985D00″]-Arduino uno
-25 rgb leds with lpd6803 controllers
-network shield[/box]

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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