Tears of Rainbow using an Arduino

It’s time to release new updates for my first (ever) project with Arduino, “Color Light Music”.  From artistic perspective, VU BarGraph style (IMHO) is the best one for spectral dynamic representation, and not much could be improved on this side. But this time, it cross my mind an another idea “Tears of Rainbow”. This blog about how successively (or awfully) the idea was brought to life. And of course, VU visual effects still there, updated with nice peak indicators, color adjustment flexibility (this time triple color LEDs), and PWM-ed brightness settings luxury.  So, this is design requirements, I was following:

Arduino Tears of Rainbow

  •   make it as big as possible, GIGANTIC size !;
  •   Lego style, or many blocks / modules, which could be re-arranged in different pattern;
  •   extend-able,  easy to add up more blocks later on;
  •   low price on hardware, no special display driver IC.
To simplify assembly work, I decided to buy RGB Led Strip. I had known, from my first project, that design would be composed with straight lines, and the longer lines means the more LED’s ( and consequently, soldering work). For comparison, one line on this display consist of 6 RGB leds, or 24 soldering connections. Using RGB strip, I reduce a workload 24 to 4, or 6 times. I envy to people,  who have a patience to build  8x8x8 RGB led cube (or even 10^3 !).   Addressable RGB strip would make life even easier,   but  I couldn’t find local re-seller,  and was not going to wait shipment / customs. It’s summer time!
In order to easy reconfigure a style, for example, from  3 BarGraphs, needed in Color Music exposition, to just  1 GIGANTIC VU meter (*),  RGB led strip is chopped-up and attached to 3 rectangular shape plates. I find out, that for some reason strip isn’t “sticky” enough, and to keep its perfectly align on a plate, I used a tire-ups at both ends. Luckily, it was quite easy to punch a holes in the plates for tire-ups just using kitchen knife.
 It wouldn’t be so, if I use a glass as a back-plate
(I had such idea initially). Something to think, if you plan to work with a strip in your design. The same also true for wiring (32 wires per plate). Tin “cookie” plates just was made to be part of this project!  And I even did not mention the heat dissipation,  1/3 of 5 meters strip consume around 12 W of power,  it’s almost like my soldering iron!
 One more things before I forget, I installed 1 cm paper pads to insulate contacts from the metal plate in the middle and on one side. Heat shrink tube takes care of the other end.
Arduino Tears of Rainbow Schematic
LED’s use 12V as power source, and as I need a lot of  PWM channels to control their brightness , here comes 74HC595 buffered by ULN2803 at the outputs. Nothing special, 9 shift registers daisy chained to produce 72 PWM outputs. Two IC in a pair installed in reverse on a prototype board, to minimize a number of interconnections. As you can see from the  picture, there is only 1! yellow jumper brought from pin 15 of the shift register to pin 8 of the Darlington array. Why they don’t make a shift register in DIP-16 package? There wouldn’t be any jumpers at all!  Other alternative is using TPIC6B595.
[box color=”#985D00″ bg=”#FFF8CB” font=”verdana” fontsize=”14 ” radius=”20 ” border=”#985D12″ float=”right” head=”Major Components in Project” headbg=”#FFEB70″ headcolor=”#985D00″]Arduino[/box]

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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