Portable Haptics System Hardware

Mobile Phone

There is a wide selection of mobile phones on the market. For our development, we chose Nokia 6210 Navigator due to its ability to run Java, accompanied by Bluetooth communication, and its small form factor. The phone mainly acts as a remote control for setting up the microcontroller. It provides the ability to adjust the trial condition configurations and let the microcontroller knows how the sensors and actuators are connected, eliminating the need for uploading a separate piece of code on microcontroller. It also acts as a visual feedback device for the user as well since it can display important gait parameters in real-time.

Portable Haptics System Hardware


We selected an Arduino Mega as our development microcontroller due to its large numbers of analog input pins, digital I/O pins, UARTs, and its complete development form factor. This provides us with fast development time for our first testing device. For more information on microcontroller selection, please see Microcontroller Table

We also used a stackable prototyping shield board to prototype our customized C2 Tactor (vibration motor) driver circuit.

C2 Tactor

C2 Tactor is a special kind of vibration motors. It requires a 250 Hz sine wave drive circuit. Its magnitude of vibration corresponds to the amplitude of the sine wave. Since we cannot use a typical PWM signal on microcontroller to drive the tactors, we have implemented an adjustable voltage regulator with digital potentiometer to drive these tactors.

See circuit diagrams.

Pager Motor

Another option for vibration motor is a pager motor. This kind of motor can be driven directly from the PWM signal. These have been used in our Haptics for Gait Retraining Pager Motors.

Flexi Force

Flexi Force is used as simple foot switch. However, it has the potential to do an accurate force measurement with some calibrations.

Portable Haptics System Hardware tools

Single-Axis Angle Measurement Unit

This sensor is based on low-friction linear potentiometer. We used it to measure an angle such as trunk sway.


For more detail: Portable Haptics System Hardware

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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