Communication between a USB/serial device and an AVR (atmega/Arduino) microcontroller

I have a device which provides a USB port. If I attach it to a Windows PC it is recognized as a “CP2103 USB to UART Bridge Controller”. According to the device documentation, it should communicate in serial format at 38400bps.I have to talk to this device with a atmega microcontroller.

Communication between a USBserial device and an AVR (atmegaArduino) microcontrollerSince the USB pinout is different from the serial UART of the uC, firstly I thought I would need a circuit to convert the signals. I found the AVR-CDC project and put on a CDC-232 in order to convert USB (GND, D+, D-, VCC) to RS232 (TX, RX, GND):

To make it I used another atmega328 as uC, flashed with the specific hex, with a 16Mhz crystal instead of the 12Mhz one specified into the diagram.

Then I built another piece of circuit to convert the RS232 signal to TTL:

So the signal conversion should be USB -> RS232 -> TTL.Communication between a USB serial device and an AVR (atmega Arduino) microcontroller SchematicI programmed my uC to send some data to the device and I can follow the signal with the oscilloscope until it enter into the CDC-232, then I lose it. I have no output on pins 4 and 5 of the CDC-232 uC, where I should have a USB signal.

Is my overall approach right? Sould I go on debugging the CDC-232 part or there is something wrong elsewhere?


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About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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