Bug-Catching Spider in Web using Arduino Part 2

This project is a collaboration between  idesigner4 and bhasudha(me), students in the Fall
2012 course Things That Think (CSCI 7000) at The University of Colorado – Boulder.

The story of our bug-catching spider automaton goes like this: A giant evil spider resides
in a big web. One day an unfortunate lady bug gets trapped in the web and the scary
spider pounces on it.

We came up with the idea for this six-week project together and discussed implementation
possibilities at length, particularly with respect to moving the spider and detecting the bug.
For example, although we ended up using IR sensing for bug detection, we considered
several other possibilities including touch sensors and image processing. At that point, the
highly modular and reusable nature of the project components allowed us to build
separately, and we are posting our Instructable as a two-part series.

Part 1, described in this Instructable, shows how to build the following elements:
* The frame to which everything is attached
* The spider web and associated lighting
* The spider mover, which is an XY table beneath the web

Part 2  shows how to build the remaining elements:
* The bug detector
* The bug
* The spider
Arduino Bug-Catching Spider in Web

Readers who would like to build this project should be aware of the following limitations:
The XY table moves nicely under human power, but not with the servos, and we think this
outcome is a result of the materials not being sufficiently rigid. It’s possible that adding
another servo to move the lower slider from both sides would be helpful, too. Here are
some alternative Instructables XY tables to try:
Low Cost Hobby Servo XY Table
Internet Arduino-Controlled T-Slot XY Table
DIY CNC Router

Our intent was to be able to display the web in any position, such as leaning against a wall.
For this reason, we used strong magnets on both the spider and the mover. Although this
idea worked well with models during pretesting, the final spider clings too tightly to the
web and doesn’t move well. For this reason, we would recommend a different spider /
mover magnetic connection, as well as stronger servos to help overcome drag.

The spider’s orientation is fixed. We had discussed using a rotating arm on the spider
mover, with the pivot point toward the front of the spider, but did not build it due to time
limitations. This arm would have allowed the spider to turn as it moved forward along an
arc traced out by the spider mover.

Step 1: Bug sensing mechanism

Here is a short video demonstrating how the bug sensing works. The overall mechanism is as follows:
The Arduino controller code interfaces with the IR grid and the motor. The IR grid identifies the position of the bug (the x,y coordinate) (as shown in the top right corner of the video). This X,Y coordinate is then passed to the controller which then decides how much to move the motor along X and Y to reach the bug. The controller code remembers its current position in the grid (current position of the spider) while calculating steps to move in X and Y. The motor and the IR grid are synchronized for timing, by the controller code.

Step 2: Materials Needed

nfrared grid – 10 x 10:
2 x Acrylic base (38 cm x 7 cm  3mm thick )
2 x Small Basswood (40 cm x 2.5 cm 1/8 inch thick)
2 x Big Basswood (38 cm x 8 cm  1/4inch thick)
4 x Solderless Breadboards (830 Tie Points. Board Size: 2.14″ x 6.5″. Around $7.99 each)
Variable length and colored Jumper wires (22 GA Solid Tinned Copper wire kit contains 4 colors. Around $13.51)
20 x 10K ohm Resistors(Available in packs of 5 or more)
1 x Mini Breadboard ( 170 tie points. Board Size 1.4″ x 1.6″. Around $3.99 )
20 x IR detectors(Also Known as Infrared Photo transistors Around $0.50 each for 10 plus units ordered)
1 x Arduino Mega (ATmega1280)
6 x wire connectors ( optional component. easy to identify the output wires)
6 x small  metal clips to hold acrylic to the frame
Arduino Bug-Catching Spider in Web circuit
1 x Printed circuit Board (417 holes. Around $2.49)
8 x IR Emitter ( pack of 25 costs around $7.95)
Red and Black variable length Jumper wires
Foam sheets(1/4 inch thick)
8 x 220 ohm Resistor (Available in pack of 5. Around $1.19)
Fabric paints ( colors of personal choice)
1 x Spring (Flexibility of the spring depends on the size of the bug)

2 x Ball Magnets (1/4 inch diameter. Available in local hardware shop)
1 x rod magnet (any rod shaped . Example: magnetic construction kits)
Basswood ( 1/8 inch thickness)
Foam (1/4 inch thick. Used as a support inside the spider body)
4 x small disc magnets magnets (1/4 inch X 1/16inch neodymium disc magnets)
Thick metal wire (~18 Gauge. Strong enough to support spider legs)
Springs (choice of spring depends on the weight of the spider legs)
Black Pipe cleaners (pack of 25 around $1.19)
Decorative fabric ( Any decorative fabric that appeals to individual aesthetic preference)
2 x  blue beads for eyes ( Any color that feels good to our imagination)

Machines & Tools:
Laser cutter
Devcon weld it – All purpose glue
Wire snipper
Cellophane Tapes
Soldering kit
Snap knife to cut foam

[box color=”#985D00″ bg=”#FFF8CB” font=”verdana” fontsize=”14 ” radius=”20 ” border=”#985D12″ float=”right” head=”Major Components in Project” headbg=”#FFEB70″ headcolor=”#985D00″]20 x IR detectors
1 x Arduino Mega (ATmega1280)
6 x small  metal clips[/box]


For more detail: Bug-Catching Spider in Web, Part 2

About The Author

Ibrar Ayyub

I am an experienced technical writer holding a Master's degree in computer science from BZU Multan, Pakistan University. With a background spanning various industries, particularly in home automation and engineering, I have honed my skills in crafting clear and concise content. Proficient in leveraging infographics and diagrams, I strive to simplify complex concepts for readers. My strength lies in thorough research and presenting information in a structured and logical format.

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