Open-Source NB-IoT Shield for Arduino
With the emergence of low-power IoT devices with cellular connectivity and the phase-out of 2G (with only T-mobile supporting 2G/GSM until 2020), everything is moving toward LTE and this has left many people scrambling to find better solutions. However, this has also left many hobbyists facepalming with legacy 2G technology like the SIM800-series modules from SIMCOM. Although these 2G and 3G modules are a great starting point and readily available on the market (especially 2G), it’s time to move forward and SIMCOM recently announced their new SIM7000A LTE CAT-M module at a developer’s conference. How exciting! 🙂
The amazing part of all of this is that SIMCOM made it extremely easy to migrate from their 2G and 3G modules to this new module! The SIM7000-series use many of the same AT commands which minimizes the software development by miles! Also, Adafruit already has a wonderful FONA library on Github that I’ve adapted to introduce this new SIM7000 into the party!
What is LTE CAT-M?
LTE CAT-M1 is considered the second-generation LTE technology and is lower-power and therefore more suitable for IoT devices. NarrowBand-IoT (NB-IoT) or “CAT-M2” technology is a Low-Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN) technology specifically designed for low-power IoT devices and deep building penetration. It is a relatively new technology that is, unfortunately, not yet available in the US, although T-Mobile has announced that they plan on delivering nation-wide (USA) NB-IoT coverage in 2018.
For IoT devices using radio technology (RF) there are several things to keep in mind:
- Power consumption
- Packet size (send lots of data)
Each of these have tradeoffs (and I won’t really explain them all); for example, large bandwidth allows devices to send lots of data (like your phone, which can stream YouTube!) but this also means it’s very power-hungry. Increasing the range (the “area” of the network) also increase power consumption. In the case of NB-IoT, cutting down the bandwidth means that you won’t be able to send much data, but for IoT devices shooting morsels of data to the cloud this is perfect! Hence, “narrow”-band technology, ideal for low-power devices with little amounts of data but still with long range (wide area) characteristic of cellular connection!
The SIM7000 Shield for Arduino
The shield that I’ve designed uses the SIM7000-series module to enable users to have low-power LTE CAT-M technology and GNSS at the tip of their fingers! As far as I know it’s the first open-source shield that uses the SIM7000-series modules and one of the first few NB-IoT shields for Arduino on the market. The shield also sports a high-accuracy MCP9808 I2C temperature sensor, great for at least measuring something and sending data to the web! Currently I am using the SIM7000A because I am in the USA, but unfortunately we don’t have NB-IoT coverage just yet. However, for those in other places of the world with NB-IoT it’s as easy as swapping out the module with other versions like the SIM7000E and SIM7000C modules which also support 2.5G (EDGE) and 2G (GSM/GPRS).
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