Arduino Nano Tutorial – Pinout & Schematics




Arduino Nano Pinout

The Arduino Nano, as the name suggests is a compact, complete and bread-board friendly microcontroller board. The Nano board weighs around 7 grams with dimensions of 4.5 cms to 1.8 cms (L to B). This article discusses about the technical specs most importantly the pinout and functions of each and every pin in the Arduino Nano board.

Arduino Nano Tutorial – Pinout & Schematics

How different is Arduino Nano?

Arduino Nano has similar functionalities as Arduino Duemilanove but with a different package. The Nano is inbuilt with the ATmega328P microcontroller, same as the Arduino UNO. The main difference between them is that the UNO board is presented in PDIP (Plastic Dual-In-line Package) form with 30 pins and Nano is available in TQFP (plastic quad flat pack) with 32 pins. The extra 2 pins of Arduino Nano serve for the ADC functionalities, while UNO has 6 ADC ports but Nano has 8 ADC ports.  The Nano board doesn’t have a DC power jack as other Arduino boards, but instead has a mini-USB port. This port is used for both programming and serial monitoring. The fascinating feature in Nano is that it will choose the strongest power source with its potential difference, and the power source selecting jumper is invalid.

Arduino Nano – Specification

Arduino Nano Pinout Description

Taking this pin-out diagram below as reference, we shall discuss all the functionalities of each and every pin.

    Arduino Nano Pinout

We can infer from the image that Arduino Nano got 36 pins in total. We will see all the pins section wise as well as a detailed format at last.

Digital I/O , PWM - 14 Pins

For Analog Functions - 9 Pins

Power - 7 Pins

SPI (Apart from Digital I/O Section) - 3 Pins

Reset - 3 Pins
______________________________________________________
TOTAL - 36 Pins

Arduino Nano Pin Description

 

Arduino Nan0 – Pin Description

Pins 1 to 30

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Arduino Nano Pin Pin Name Type Function
1 D1/TX I/O Digital I/O Pin
Serial TX Pin
2 D0/RX I/O Digital I/O Pin
Serial RX Pin
3 RESET Input Reset ( Active Low)
4 GND Power Supply Ground
5 D2 I/O Digital I/O Pin
6 D3 I/O Digital I/O Pin
7 D4 I/O Digital I/O Pin
8 D5 I/O Digital I/O Pin
9 D6 I/O Digital I/O Pin
10 D7 I/O Digital I/O Pin
11 D8 I/O Digital I/O Pin
12 D9 I/O Digital I/O Pin
13 D10 I/O Digital I/O Pin
14 D11 I/O Digital I/O Pin
15 D12 I/O Digital I/O Pin
16 D13 I/O Digital I/O Pin
17 3V3 Output +3.3V Output (from FTDI)
18 AREF Input ADC reference
19 A0 Input Analog Input Channel 0
20 A1 Input Analog Input Channel 1
21 A2 Input Analog Input Channel 2
22 A3 Input Analog Input Channel 3
23 A4 Input Analog Input Channel 4
24 A5 Input Analog Input Channel 5
25 A6 Input Analog Input Channel 6
26 A7 Input Analog Input Channel 7
27 +5V Output or Input +5V Output (From On-board Regulator) or
+5V (Input from External Power Supply
28 RESET Input Reset ( Active Low)
29 GND Power Supply Ground
30 VIN Power Supply voltage

ICSP Pins

Arduino Nano Digital Pins

Pins - 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, and 16

As mentioned earlier, Arduino Nano has 14 digital I/O pins that can be used either as digital input or output. The pins work with 5V voltage as maximum, i.e., digital high is 5V and digital low is 0V. Each pin can provide or receive a current of 40mA, and has a pull-up resistance of about 20-50k ohms. Each of the 14 digital pins on the Nano pinout can be used as an input or output, using pinMode(), digitalWrite(), and digitalRead() functions.

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Other than the digital input and output functions, the digital pins have some additional functionality as well.

Serial Communication Pins

Pins - 1, 2

1 - RX and 2 - TX

These two pins RX- receive and TX- transmit are used for TTL serial data communication. The pins RX and TX are connected to the corresponding pins of the USB-to-TTL Serial chip.

PWM Pins

Pins - 6, 8, 9, 12, 13, and 14

Each of these digital pins provide a Pulse Width Modulation signal of 8-bit resolution. The PWM signal can be generated using analogWrite () function.

External Interrupts

Pins - 5, 6

When we need to provide an external interrupt to other processor or controller we can make use of these pins. These pins can be used to enable interrupts INT0 and INT1 respectively by using the attachInterrupt () function. These pins can be used to trigger three types of interrupts such as interrupt on a low value, a rising or falling edge interrupt and a change in value interrupt.

SPI Pins

Pins - 13, 14, 15, and 16

When you don’t want the data to be transmitted asynchronously you can use these Serial Peripheral Interface pins. These pins support synchronous communication with SCK as the synchronizing clock. Even though the hardware has this feature, the Arduino software doesn’t have this by default. So you have to include a library called SPI Library for using this feature.

LED

Pin - 16

If you remember your first Arduino code, blinking LED, then you’ll definitely came across this Pin16. The pin 16 is being connected to the blinking LED on the board.

READ  Arduino Mega Pinout Diagram

Arduino Nano Analog Pins

Pins - 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, and 26

As mentioned earlier UNO got 6 analog input pins but Arduino Nano has 8 analog inputs (19 to 26), marked A0 through A7. This means you can connect *8 channel analog sensor inputs for processing. Each of these analog pins has a inbuilt ADC of resolution of 1024 bits (so it will give 1024 values). By default, the pins are measured from ground to 5V. If you want the reference voltage to be 0V to 3.3V, we can give 3.3V to AREF pin (18th Pin) by using the analogReference () function.

Similar to digital pins in Nano, analog pins also got some other functions as well.

I2C

Pins 23, 24 as A4 and A5

Since SPI communication also has its disadvantages such as 4 essential pins and limited within a device. For long distance communication we use the I2C protocol. I2C supports multi master and multi slave with only two wires. One for clock (SCL) and another for data (SDA). For using this I2C feature we need to import a library called Wire library.

AREF

Pin 18

As mentioned already the AREF- Analog Reference pin is used as a reference voltage for analog input for the ADC conversion.

Reset

Pin 28

Reset pins in Arduino are active LOW pins which means if we make this pin value as LOW i.e., 0v, it will reset the controller. Usually used to be connected with switches to use as reset button.

ICSP

Arduino Nano ICSP




 

ICSP stands for In Circuit Serial Programming, which represents one of the several methods available for programming Arduino boards. Ordinarily, an Arduino bootloader program is used to program an Arduino board, but if the bootloader is missing or damaged, ICSP can be used instead. ICSP can be used to restore a missing or damaged bootloader.

Each ICSP pin usually is cross-connected to another Arduino pin with the same name or function. For example, MISO on Nano’s ICSP header is connected to MISO / digital pin 12 (Pin 15); MOSI on the ISCP header is connected to MOSI / digital pin 11 (Pin 16); and so forth. Note, MISO, MOSI, and SCK pins taken together make up most of an SPI interface.

We can use one Arduino to program another Arduino using this ICSP.

RESET

Pins 3, 28 and 5 in ICSP

Power

Pins 4, 17, 27, 28, 30 and 2 & 6 in ICSP

Source : Arduino Nano Tutorial – Pinout & Schematics




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