FOBO bipedal walking robot

FOBO is the fourth prototype from Project Biped.  It is a 3D printed, self-contained, statically balanced, bipedal robot. It has 8 DOF (degrees of freedom) and can walk around its environment and avoid obstacles using an ultrasonic range sensor.  All of the designs, instructions, source code, and parts lists are provided for free.  FOBO was designed to be easily made by anyone with a low cost 3D printer and an interest in learning about robotics

FOBO bipedal walking robot

Step 1: Static walking

FOBO walks statically meaning that at every frame of the animation it is balanced and won’t fall over if it stops.  The walking cycle is 10 key frames with 10 frames interpolated in between each frame

Step 2: Get the parts

FOBO uses an Arduino Uno microcontroller to actuate 8 servo motors.  It also has an ultrasonic range sensor so that it can walk around without bumping into things.  FOBO is powered by a rechargeable lithium ion battery that lasts for a couple of hours on a full charge.   All of the parts together cost about $200.  Here is the full list of the the parts along with links to the vendor, price, and quantity.  Note that none of the vendors listed are affiliated with Project Biped … they are just where I bought my parts from.  If you find a part cheaper from another website let me know and I’ll update the list

Step 3: Print the robot parts

FOBO is made up of 17 3D printed plastic parts.  The full list of diagrams showing where each part goes can be found here and all 3D stl files for each part can be downloaded here.    I printed FOBO using an open source Makerbot Thing-O-Matic 3D printer.  All of the parts can be printed in about 18 hours (depending on your printer and settings) with about $10 worth of plastic (193 cc is about 1/5th of a standard spool of plastic).

FOBO bipedal walking robot

Step 5: Assemble the right leg

FOBO’s right leg has 5 printed parts and the following :

4 servos
2 screws  3M 16mm
2 screws  3M 12mm
4 screws  3M 8mm
1 nut 3M

You can access the presentation with animated instructions here (the image is a screen shot of the presentation).


For more detail: FOBO bipedal walking robot

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