Easy 4×6 LED Matrix, Arduino!
In this inst’able, I will show you how to create your very own 4×6
LED matrix as well as show you how to write code for it!
There is an animation creator program in step 4!
Here is one ANIMATION to get you excited about the project!
This Inst’able is for the electronic enthusiast/hobbyists that has basic
knowledge of the simple hardware used, and a good grasp of the
arduino programming language!
Email me at “JensenR30@GMail.com” if you have any questions about
Post Videos of your own LED Matrices!
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Step 1: Hardware
For this project you will need:
- An arduino board;
- Twenty-four LEDs of the same color;
- Four transistors;
- Four 100ohm resistors;
- Four 1Kohm resistors;
- And a fair amount of wire.
“C” stands for Column while “R” stands for Row.
Columns are vertical, varying the Y axis
Rows are horizontal, varying the X axis.
How The Hardware Works:
The hardware works by applying +5 volts to the desired column and row, and having GND wired to the arduino’s GND pin. If I apply +5v only to C1, there will be +5v ready to be passed through all of the LEDs in column 1, but still has to go through the transistors in order to get to GND and there are no LEDs on.. On the other hand, if I apply +5v only to R1, that transistor will allow current to pass from any LED in row 1 to GND. But since there is no voltage applied to any of the columns, no LED is turned on.
From what I have said thus far, we can see that +5v must be applied to a Column and a Row at the same time for any LED to be turned on. Here is where we run into a problem: the only way to turn on 3 LEDs [(C1, R2), (C1, R1), and (C2, R1,) which are the three lowest and to the left] is to apply +5v to pins R2, R1, C1, and C2. The problem with this is that it will also turn on LED (C2, R2)! See step 2 for how to solve this problem, read on for the technical specs!
GND……………………………..GDN Well, duh! = )
Step 2: Persistence Of Vision! (POV)
In step 1–the hardware step–we couldn’t turn on more than one LED. How do we fix this?
The answer to this question lies in our wonderful eyes, and their insistence in persistence.
When lights blink very rapidly, our eyes perceive them as being consistently on. We can use this to our advantage when creating animations. To see how the Matrix uses this, see step 4.
The Animation Creator file included in STEP 4 and is designed to blink each row really fast and can be used by the novice animator to achieve fame and fortune! ok, well, maybe not. but still!
Step 3: Lights, Camera, Lights!
In the above photo are a few snapshots of the Matrix in action!
These are come of the animations I have made.
You can download these animations, as well as
the animation creator that I created for the Matrix!
you will find all of the programs you will need in step 4.
For more detail: Easy 4×6 LED Matrix, Arduino!
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This Post / Project can also be found using search terms:
- arduino 4×6
- Easy 4×6 LED Matrix Arduino pdf