Arduino GPS Clock




There are many GPS satellites around the Earth which are used to provide the exact location of any place. Along with the location coordinates (Latitude and Longitude), it also provide other data like time, date, altitude, direction tracking angle etc. We have already learned to read this GPS data from Satellite using Arduino. So we are going to make a GPS clock using the ‘Time and Date’ data from the GPS satellite. GPS Updated Clock is very accurate and provides the real time data with precision of milliseconds.Arduino GPS Clock




Components:

  • Arduino Uno
  • GPS Module
  • 16×2 LCD
  • Connecting wires
  • Power supply

Working Explanation:

GPS module sends the data in NMEA format, see the output of GPS data in below screenshot. NMEA format consist several sentences, in which we need one sentence to extract the Date and Time. This sentence starts from $GPRMC and contains the coordinates, time and other useful information. This $GPRMC is referred to Recommended minimum specific GPS/Transit data, and the length of this string is about 70 characters. We have previously extracted $GPGGA string in Vehicle Tracking System to find the Latitude and Longitude Coordinates. GPS_updated_clock_using_arduino_circuit_diagram

And $GPRMC string mainly contains velocity, time, date and position




$GPRMC,123519.000,A,7791.0381,N,06727.4434,E,022.4,084.4,230394,003.1,W*6A
$GPRMC,HHMMSS.SSS,A,latitude,N,longitude,E,speed,angle,date,MV,W,CMD

Identifier

Description

RMC

Recommended Minimum sentence C

HHMMSS.SSS

Time in hour minute seconds and milliseconds format.

A

Status // A=active and V= void

Latitude

Latitude 49 deg. 16.45 min. North

N

Direction N=North, S=South

Longitude

Longitude(Coordinate)

E

Direction E= East, W=West

Speed

speed in knots

Angle

Tracking angle in degrees

Date

DATE in UTC

MV

Magnetic Variation

W

Direction of variation E/W

CMD (*6A)

Checksum Data

We can extract Time and Date from $GPRMC string by counting the commas in the string. With the help of Arduino and programming, we find $GPRMC string and stores it in an array, then Time (24 hours format) can be found after one comma and Date can be found after nine commas. Time and date are further saved in strings.

A GPS satellite provides Time and date in Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), so we need to convert it accordingly. To convert in according to Indian time, we have added 5:30 in UTC time, as Indian time is 5 and half hours ahead of UTC/GMT.




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