Arduino 7-Segment Thermometer




Using a dual 7-segment display, a DS18B20 temperature sensor and a couple of shift registers I figured that I could build a digital thermometer.

Step 1: Temperature Sensor

The sensor I’m using is the DS18B20, it’s a 3pin sensor that just requires a single input pin from the arduino. Multiple sensors can be hooked together, however I’m just using one for this project. As with a lot of different sensors there’s a handy library that makes it particularly easy to get the temperature in centigrade or fahrenheit, it’s the Dallas_Temperature library available here and a spec sheet for the sensor available from maxim.

Arduino Thermometer




To connect it to the arduino connect the ground pin on the sensor to a ground pin on the arduino, put a 4.7k resistor between pin 2 and pin 3 on the sensor, connect pin 3 to 3.3v from the arduino and then connect pin 2 to digital input on the arduino. Once this is done, we’re ready to read the temperature!

Step 2: Controlling the Display

I chose to use a dual 7-segment , it didn’t take long to figure out the pin outs, however an issue was the number of pins this would require from the arduino if I hooked it up directly, a massive 16. With two shift registers hooked up together this could reduce the number of pins required to only 3, as the two shift registers require only 3 pins and with being hooked together provide 16 parallel outputs.

Step 3: Putting it Together

The code I’ve put together is at the end of this post. It basically sets up the temperature libraries, reads the temp, and then puts this into the shift registers.
Arduino Thermometer circuit
#include OneWire.h
#include DallasTemperature.h

// pin setups
int latchPin = 8;
int clockPin = 12;
int dataPin = 11;
int tempPin = 7;

// librraries for connecting to sensor
OneWire oneWire(tempPin);
DallasTemperature tempSens(&oneWire);

// characters for displaying on 7-seg display 0-9
byte numberSet[10] = {
B01111011, B01000001, B00110111, B01100111, // 0,1,2,3
B01001101, B01101110, B01111110, B01000011, // 4,5,6,7
B01111111, B01101111 // 8,9
};

void setup() {
// init serial
Serial.begin(9600);
// init temp sensor
tempSens.begin();

// set pin modes for shift registors
pinMode(latchPin, OUTPUT);
pinMode(myClockPin, OUTPUT);
pinMode(myDataPin, OUTPUT);

}

Major Components in Project

7-segment display

Arduino

 

For more detail: Arduino 7-Segment Thermometer




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